Descendants of 'unknown' BUTLER (to contribute information, please email Helen@HelensFamilyTrees.com)

Third Generation


3. Elizabeth (Eliza) Mary BUTLER (George James , 'unknown' ) was born about 1828 in Dublin. She died on 24 Oct 1864 in 17 Brydges St., Covent Garden, London. She was buried in St. Mary's Cemetery, Kensal Green, London.

It is possible that Eliza's middle name was Agnes rather than Mary - it was given as Agnes on her marriage certificate and Mary on the birth certificate of her daughter Agnes and on her (Eliza's) death certificate.

Eliza died of "arthritis, 3 weeks; enteritis, 2 days". She was only in her late thirties.

Eliza was buried in grave no. 145 in St. Mary's Roman Catholic Cemetery in Kensal Green. Unfortunately for us it was a public grave and no marker remains as the public grave area of St. Mary's has been covered with several feet of earth to provide for other graves.

Elizabeth married John William BUCKLEY, son of John BUCKLEY, on 27 Feb 1848 in Sutton St. Chapel, Strand, London. John was born about 1823 in Soho, London. He died in after 24 Oct 1864 and probably before 2 Apr 1871.

According to his marriage certificate, John was an engineer, but the birth certificate of his daughter Agnes gives his occupation as a musical instrument maker; and according to the 1861 census he was a 'musical instrument maker and news agent', and the death certificate of his wife, Eliza, gives his occupation as 'musical instrument maker (master)', while his profession is given as 'gentleman' on the marriage certificate of his daughter Agnes. Had he worked at some point for his father-in-law who ran a musical instrument making business? The marriage certificate of his son George (who married in 1898) tells us John had been a banker's clerk whereas George's death certificate (1932) states that John had been a general merchant. It is quite possible that George was never sure what his father had worked at given that he (George) was adopted and brought to Scotland as a child, following the death of his mother (or perhaps the deaths of both his parents).     

At the time of the 1861 census and at the time of the death of Eliza, John and his family were living at 17 Brydges St. in Covent Garden which until 1859 or 1860 was the location of the Butler musical instrument shop. Prior to 1861, known addresses for John were 4 Sutton St., Soho (at the time of his marriage in 1848), and 28 Maiden Lane, Covent Garden (at the time of the birth of his daughter Agnes in 1854).

Because Eliza died in 1864 and because their youngest child, George (born in 1861), was adopted and because by the time of the 1871 census other children of theirs appear to be living with relatives, it seems that John may have died shortly after his wife, probably before the 1871 census as there seems to be no trace of him in that or subsequent censuses.

Note: a death certificate obtained for a John Buckley who died in Kensington in 1873 age 49 is probably NOT that of our John. The John referenced on the death certificate died on 14 June 1873 at 121 Gloucester Terrace, Paddington; his occupation was a butler and the informant was a Maria Buckley of the same address.

Marriage Notes:

Witnesses to the marriage of Elizabeth and John were Edward Joseph Treacy and Lucy Moriarty.

Elizabeth and John had the following children.

+ 12 F i Margaret Mary BUCKLEY was born on 15 Jun 1849.
  13 M ii
John L. BUCKLEY was born about 1850 in Soho, London.

Unfortunately we have no information on John apart from the fact that he was alive at the time of the 1861 census.
  14 F iii
Lucy Catherine BUCKLEY was born in 1852 in Covent Garden, London. She died on 28 Feb 1926 in St. Joseph's Home, Hackney, London.

Lucy is listed in the 1871 census return for the household of her uncle, George Butler, as an "apprentice to millinery", at 6 Brompton Square, Kensington. She appears to be living on her own at the address of George's business at 29 Haymarket at the time of the 1891 census, when she was working as a housekeeper.  

From her death certificate we know that Lucy had never married and that, although she died in a hospice in Hackney in London in 1926, her address was 8 Gascoyne Place, Plymouth. The informant was her sister Theresa, who lived in Hackney.
+ 15 F iv Agnes Mary BUCKLEY was born on 17 Apr 1854. She died in 1888.
  16 F v
Mary Ann BUCKLEY was born in 1856 in Covent Garden, London.

Mary Ann is listed in the 1871 census return for the household of her uncle, George Butler, as an "apprentice to dressmaking".
  17 F vi
Theresa Mary BUCKLEY was born in 1858 in Covent Garden, London. She died on 4 Mar 1955 in St. Joseph's Hospice, Hackney, London.

The 1871 census of England has a Theresa Butler, aged 12 and born in Haymarket (near Covent Garden) listed as a visitor in the home of a Mrs. Emma Bean of 7 Tavistock Crescent in Paddington. Could this be our Teresa? And if so, given that, at the time of the 1871 census, her three older sisters seem to have been living  with their uncle George Butler and her younger brother, George, was living in Scotland with an adoptive mother, was Theresa being raised by the widowed Mrs. Bean and her extended family (which included six nieces and nephews)?

A Theresa M. Buckley, aged 21 and born in St. Paul's (near Covent Garden), is listed in the 1881 census as a visitor in the household of John and Anastasia Redmond and their family in Islington, London. It is likely that this is our Theresa as two of the Redmond children listed, Margaret and Mary, are living at the same address as Theresa and her future husband, Alex (6 Euston Square, St. Pancras) 10 years later, at the time of the 1891 census. The Theresa from the 1881 census was a "court shoe maker".     

The 1891 census indicates that Theresa was living in the home of her widowered brother-in-law Alex Booker and his daughter, Etheldreda, at 6 Euston Square, St. Pancras. At that time Theresa was working as a clerk and bookkeeper. As mentioned above, sisters Margaret Waller (née Redmond) and Mary Redmond are living at the same address (although apparently in a separate unit), along with another sister, Kate Redmond.  

Theresa and Alex later married. As no record of their marriage can be located among English records, it could be that Alex and Theresa married in Bruges, Belgium, where Alex worked for many years from about the early 1890s. It would not have been possible for them anyway to have married in England as the 1835 Marriage Act prohibited marriage to one’s deceased wife’s sister in Britain and its colonies. This act was overturned by the Deceased Wife's Sister's Marriage Act 1907, an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, allowing a man to marry his deceased wife's sister. We do not know the date of their marriage but it was before 3 April 1906 and therfore it is likely it took place in Belgium.

Theresa died at the age of 97. She left her estate, valued at £174 6s 10d to Laurence Hussey (1896-1970), a first cousin once removed (on her mother's side).
       
Theresa married Alexander (Alex) BOOKER, son of Thomas BOOKER and Martha STEWARD, in Aft 1890 and bef 3 Apr 1906. Alexander was born on 11 May 1842 in Liverpool. He died on 23 Aug 1914 in St. Scholastica's Retreat, Lower Clapton, Hackney, London. He was buried in St. Mary's Cemetery, Kensal Green, London.

Although born in Liverpool, Alex moved to London with his family as a child. In 1851 the family was living in Lambeth; by 1861 they were in Clapham; and in 1871 they were back in Lambeth. Alex is recorded in the census of that year as living with his parents and siblings at 5 Cowley Place. He was 29 years old and working as a stained glass artist, a profession in which he became highly regarded.     

In 1878 it is known that Alex was working from 64 Portland Road, Notting Hill, and between 1880 and 1894 he worked at his home at 6 Euston Square, St. Pancras. His first wife, Agnes Buckley, moved to 6 Euston Square after their marriage in 1881.

Alex worked for a time for the firm of Cox, Sons & Buckley, an ecclesiastical furnishings company based in London. Note that there appears to no family connection whatsoever between Irish-born Michael Joseph Cunningham Buckley (1848/49-1905), the Buckley partner in Cox, Sons & Buckley, and Alex's wife, Agnes. However, just in case they were related, here is some further information on Michael, taken mainly from the Dictionary of Irish Architects, 1720-1940:

Michael was an antiquarian and designer of church furnishings, of London, Youghal in Co. Cork and Bruges in Belgium, and was active from the 1860s until his death in 1905. He was a son of John George Buckley of Carrick-on-Suir, Co. Tipperary, although the New Zealand Tablet edition of 28 September 1905 tells us that Michael came from an old Youghal family. John, Michael's father, had attempted to emigrate to Newfoundland in 1815 but was captured en route by a French privateer and taken as a prisoner to France where he remained for some time after his release. Michael himself was born in Cahir, Co. Tipperary in 1847 or 1848 and educated at Mount Melleray Abbey School, Co. Waterford, and in Louvain, Belgium. He subsequently served his time as an architect under Brangman of Brussels and in 1881 became a partner in the firm of Cox, Sons & Buckley, ecclesiastical art manufacturers of London. However the firm failed, possibly about 1893 (as the company was taken over by Curtis, Ward & Hughes in that year), causing Michael severe financial loss. He moved back to Ireland, where he established a stained glass and metal works in Youghal, Co. Cork. He also acted as agent and designer for the Decorative Arts Guild of Bruges and was about to bring a number of Belgian art workers to work in Youghal at the time of his death. He died after a short illness on 2 August 1905 at his home, 'Montmorenci', Gillets Hill, Youghal and was buried in the North Abbey churchyard in Youghal. He was unmarried.      

Interestingly Alex's brother Clement, also a stained glass artist, was living in Youghal at the end of the 19th century. As the Bookers had no known Youghal connection it many have been that Clement moved to Youghal because he was offered employment at Michael's stained glass works in the town.

Getting back to Alex, his commissions includes glasswork in All Saints Church, Salhouse, Norfolk (1874 - 1899); St. Thomas's Church, Ryde, Isle of Wight (1883); Stoke St. Gregory Church, Somerset (1886); St. Edmund's Church, Costessey, Norfolk (1889); St. Michael and All Angels Church, Booton, Norfolk (1891); St. Mary's Church, Mold, Flintshire, Wales (1891); St. Michael and All Angels Church, Appleby, Leicestershire (1893); St. Edmund's Church, Fritton, Norfolk (1900); and St. Patrick' Cathedral, Auckland, New Zealand (1906 and 1907).

In the early 1990s Alex moved to Bruges, Belgium, where some of the above works were executed. Perhaps he worked with or for Michael Cunningham above who had a branch of his business in the city. We know that Alex was resident in Belgium in 1894 as an article in the Cheshire Observer of 14 April of that year on the installation of his stained glass window in Mold Parish Church refers to him as having moved to Belgium from St. Pancras. It appears that he had moved to Brussels from Bruges by about 1907 as mention is made of the stained glass window by 'the well-known artist Alex Booker of Brussels' (according to the New Zealand Tablet edition of 14 February 1907).

Sometime after returning to London Alex and his second wife, Theresa (a sister of his first wife, Agnes) lived in St. Scholastica's Retreat, Kennington Road, Clapton. The Retreat, now demolished, was designed by architect E. W. Pugin and was built to provide accommodation, in  self-contained units, for elderly Catholics of diminished means.

+ 18 M vii George Charles BUCKLEY was born on 4 Jul 1861. He died on 17 Aug 1932.

6. George Patrick BUTLER (George James , 'unknown' ) was born in 1834 in St. Martin-in-the-Fields, London. He died on 18 Apr 1911 in 59 Rowan Road, Hammersmith, London. He was buried in St. Mary's Cemetery, Kensal Green, London (grave 7197).

George was a musical instrument maker in the family business. According to census information, George was born in the St. Martin-in-the-Fields registration district (now incorporated into the City of Westminster), although it is not known exactly where.  The Butlers' London shops as listed below would eventually be located in this area.

William Waterhouse's "The New Langwill Index: A Dictionary of Musical Wind-Instrument Makers and Inventors" gives the following dates and addresses for the Butler business (my notes are in parentheses):

1859: 17 Brydges St., Covent Garden, London
1860-1865: 57 Greek St., London
1865-1898: 29 Haymarket, London (at the corner of Shaver's Place, now the location of the Tiger Tiger night club)  
1898-1913: 29 Haymarket (under the name 'George Butler & Sons')
1868-1882: 11 Ellis Quay, Dublin
1882-1926: 34 Bachelor's Walk, Dublin (in Monument House)  
1926-1927: 2 Lower Abbey St., Dublin  

[Notes on the above dates: (i) According to the 1871 census of England, George was employing at that time five men and four boys (in the Haymarket premises), and (ii) The business actually moved from Bachelor's Walk to Lower Abbey St. in 1917 although the family seems to have retained the Bachelor's Walk premises]

"The New Langwill Index" lists Algernon Rose's "Talk with Bandsmen" (London, 1894; reprint ed., London: T. Bingham, 1996) as a secondary source for George's business. According to Mr. Rose, "Sixty years ago all metal instruments of extended compass were played with keys. Mr. George Butler, of 29, Haymarket, London, and of Monument House, O'Connell Bridge, Dublin, will tell you that in 1874 he came across a complete set of copper instruments with brass keys…. Mr. Butler's business was established in the Haymarket in 1826 [actually 1865], and he now exports largely to distant parts of the world. Both of his sons have had Continental experience. Mr. Butler's father succeeded Mr. Dollard, who set up in Dublin about the year 1810."

George and his wife, Jane, seem to have moved around a lot after their marriage: in 1863 they were living at 29a Haymarket (next door to their future shop?), and by 1865 they had moved to 2 Duncan Place (now 31 The Vineyard) in Richmond upon Thames. In 1871, according to the census of that year, their home was 6 Brompton Square, Kensington. By the time of the 1881 census, they were living at 32 St. Mary Abbots Terrace, Kensington, and in 1891, the census shows they were living at 9 Gunterstone Road in West Kensington. The 1901 census tells us that the family had moved to 23 Rowan Road in nearby Hammersmith. Sometime after Jane's death in 1902, George moved to 59 Rowan Road where he lived with his son George and his daughter Mary and her family. It is not known who moved in with whom but George senior's name is given as the head of the household in the 1911 census.

Interestingly, at the time of the 1891 census, the family of Thomas Hussey, whose sons married George's daughters, Mary and Jane, lived at 23 St. Mary Abbots Terrace (having moved there between 1884 and 1991), the same street where George and Jane were living in 1881. Perhaps the two families had been close neighbours at some point and perhaps that's how Mary and Jane first met the Hussey boys. Another possibility is that the Butlers and the Husseys met through their connection with St. Edmund's College in Hertfordshire: Mary's and Jane's younger brother, William, may have attended the college at the same time as some of Thomas Hussey senior's sons.

The cause of George's death was "cerebral haemorrhage, 4 months; hemiplegia; congestion of lungs".

George married Jane LYNCH, daughter of John LYNCH and Mary Ann EGAN, on 11 Jan 1862 in St Patrick's Chapel, Sutton St., The Strand, London. Jane was born about 1834 in probably parish of SS Michael and John (near Christchurch), Dublin. She was christened in 1834 in probably parish of St. Andrew, Dublin. She died on 22 Jul 1902 in 23 Rowan Road, Hammersmith, London. She was buried in St. Mary's Cemetery, Kensal Green, London (grave 7197).

Our source for Jane's birthplace is the 1891 British census which gives her place of birth is given as 'Dublin, St. Michael' (although it appears she was baptised in the parish of St. Andrew in Dublin). The only 'St. Michael' parish in the city of Dublin at that time appears to be 'SS Michael and John' near Christchurch Cathedral. With the exception of the 1851 census, all other censuses just give Dublin as Jane's place of birth.

In the 1851 census Jane appears to be listed as a member of the household of an uncle, John Egan, and his family. However, this Jane's place of birth is given as Co. Kerry (written as "Cerry) but the list of places of birth for some or all members of the Egan family appears to be out of sync as her uncle's place of birth (Dublin) appears one line above where it should be. The Kerry birthplace may therefore relate to the Egan family servant who is listed directly after Jane. If this is the case then Jane's birthplace on the census was intended to read "London, Middlesex", which is actually incorrect as she was born in Dublin. Perhaps her uncle forgot this fact as Jane had moved to Middlesex as an infant. Also included in the census return for John's household (in St. Giles-in-the-Fields in London) is his wife, Mary and their children, Thomas, Edward, Fanny and Alice.

After Jane and her parents moved to London from Dublin they lived on Greek St., Soho (according to the 1841 census). The family later moved to 57a Charlotte Street, St. Pancras (1861 census) which was Jane's address on her marriage certificate (1862). The 1861 census also tells us that Jane was a dressmaker.

According to her death certificate Jane died of "malignant disease of bladder".

Marriage Notes:

Witnesses to the marriage were Mary Egan and Thomas Egan, probably relaives of Jane's on her mother's side.

George and Jane had the following children.

  19 M i
George Joseph BUTLER was born on 6 Aug 1863 in 29a Haymarket, London. He died after 2 Apr 1911 in probably London.

George was a musical instrument maker in the family business. He is listed in the 1901 and 1911 returns for for the Butler household, suggesting he still lived at home. He was 47 at the time of the 1911 census so it is likely that he never married. The Haymarket shop closed down in 1913. Assuming George was alive at the time, the closure seems surprising given that he was then aged only about 50. However, it is believed that George was a poor businessman who did not enjoy good health.
+ 20 F ii Mary Theresa BUTLER was born on 29 Mar 1865. She died in Mar 1953.
+ 21 F iii Jane Frances BUTLER was born in 1867 or 1868. She died on 9 Mar 1946.
+ 22 M iv William John BUTLER was born about 1869. He died on 2 Nov 1933.
+ 23 F v Winifred Mary BUTLER was born about 1876. She died on 2 May 1919.

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