3. Elizabeth (Eliza) Mary BUTLER (George James , 'unknown' ) was born about 1828 in Dublin. She died on 24 Oct 1864 in 17 Brydges St., Covent Garden, London. She was buried in St. Mary's Cemetery, Kensal Green, London.
Elizabeth married John William BUCKLEY, son of John BUCKLEY and Catherine Faith (Faith) NOBLE, on 27 Feb 1848 in Sutton St. Chapel, Strand, London. John was born about 1823 in Soho, London. He died in after 24 Oct 1864 and probably before Apr 1873.
Elizabeth and John had the following children.
+ 12 F i Margaret Mary BUCKLEY was born on 15 Jun 1849. 13 M ii
John L. (or Samuel) BUCKLEY was born in 1850 in St. Giles, London.
John appears to be listed as Samuel in the 1851 census. Unfortunately we have no information on John apart from the fact that he was alive at the time of the 1861 census.
14 F iii
Lucy Catherine BUCKLEY was born on 29 Aug 1852 in Covent Garden, London. She was christened on 26 Sep 1852 in St. Patrick's Church, Soho Square, Westminster, London. She died on 28 Feb 1926 in St. Joseph's Home, Hackney, London.
Lucy's baptismal sponsors were Edward [what looks like] Treacy and Elizabeth Noble.
Lucy is listed in the 1871 census return for the household of her uncle, George Butler, as an "apprentice to millinery", at 6 Brompton Square, Kensington. She appears to be living on her own at the address of George's business at 29 Haymarket at the time of the 1891 census, when she was working as a housekeeper.
From her death certificate we know that Lucy had never married and that, although she died in a hospice in Hackney in London in 1926, her address was 8 Gascoyne Place, Plymouth. The informant was her sister Theresa, who lived in Hackney.
15 F iv
Elizabeth Mary BUCKLEY was born on 16 Apr 1854 in Covent Garden, London. She was christened on 7 May 1854 in St. Patrick's Church, Soho Square, Westminster, London. She died on 18 Jun 1859 in 17 Brydges St., Covent Garden, London.
Elizabeth was Agnes's twin. Her baptismal sponsors were George Butler and Lucy [what looks like] Treacy.
Elizabeth died at the age of five of "variola convulsions" (smallpox). The name of the informant on her death record is Margaret [what looks like] Bathe of 57 Greek St., Soho, which was the address of Elizabeth's mother's family business (Butlers musical instrument manufactuary) between 1860 and 1865. It is therefore likely that Margaret Bathe was in fact Elizabeth's grandmother Margaret Butler and that the Butler business operated out of 57 Greek St. from 1959. 17 Brydges St., where Elizabeth died, was also the address of the business in 1859, and presumably where the Buckley family lived as Elizabeth's mother, Eliza, died at 17 Brydges St. in 1864.
+ 16 F v Agnes Mary BUCKLEY was born on 16 Apr 1854. She died on 10 Feb 1888. 17 F vi
Mary Ann BUCKLEY was born in 1856 in Covent Garden, London.
Mary is listed in the 1871 census return for the household of her uncle, George Butler, as an "apprentice to dressmaking". Unfortunately we have no further information on Mary.
18 F vii
Theresa Mary BUCKLEY was born on 20 Oct 1858 in Covent Garden, London. She was christened on 7 Nov 1858 in St. Patrick's Church, Soho Square, Westminster, London. She died on 4 Mar 1955 in St. Joseph's Hospice, Hackney, London.
Theresa's baptismal sponsors were Richard [surname illegible] and Anna [surname illegible].
The 1871 census of England has a Theresa Butler, aged 12 and born in Haymarket (near Covent Garden) listed as a visitor in the home of a Mrs. Emma Bean of 7 Tavistock Crescent in Paddington. Could this be our Teresa? And if so, given that, at the time of the 1871 census, her three older sisters seem to have been living with their uncle George Butler and her younger brother, George, was living in Scotland with an adoptive mother, was Theresa being raised by the widowed Mrs. Bean and her extended family (which included six nieces and nephews)?
A Theresa M. Buckley, aged 21 and born in St. Paul's (near Covent Garden), is listed in the 1881 census as a visitor in the household of John and Anastasia Redmond and their family in Islington, London. It is likely that this is our Theresa as two of the Redmond children listed, Margaret and Mary, are living at the same address as Theresa and her future husband, Alex (6 Euston Square, St. Pancras) 10 years later, at the time of the 1891 census. The Theresa from the 1881 census was a "court shoe maker".
The 1891 census indicates that Theresa was living in the home of her widowered brother-in-law Alex Booker and his daughter, Etheldreda, at 6 Euston Square, St. Pancras. At that time Theresa was working as a clerk and bookkeeper. As mentioned above, sisters Margaret Waller (née Redmond) and Mary Redmond are living at the same address (although apparently in a separate unit), along with another sister, Kate Redmond.
Theresa and Alex later married. As no record of their marriage can be located among English records, it could be that Alex and Theresa married in Bruges, Belgium, where Alex worked for many years from about the early 1890s. It would not have been possible for them anyway to have married in England as the 1835 Marriage Act prohibited marriage to one’s deceased wife’s sister in Britain and its colonies. This act was overturned by the Deceased Wife's Sister's Marriage Act 1907, an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, allowing a man to marry his deceased wife's sister. We do not know the date of their marriage but it was before 3 April 1906 and therfore it is likely it took place in Belgium.
Theresa died at the age of 97. She left her estate, valued at £174 6s 10d to Laurence Hussey (1896-1970), a first cousin once removed (on her mother's side).
Theresa married Alexander (Alex) BOOKER, son of Thomas BOOKER and Martha STEWARD, in Aft 1890 and bef 3 Apr 1906. Alexander was born on 11 May 1842 in Liverpool. He died on 23 Aug 1914 in St. Scholastica's Retreat, Lower Clapton, Hackney, London. He was buried in St. Mary's Cemetery, Kensal Green, London.
Although born in Liverpool, Alex moved to London with his family as a child. In 1851 the family was living in Lambeth; by 1861 they were in Clapham; and in 1871 they were back in Lambeth. Alex is recorded in the census of that year as living with his parents and siblings at 5 Cowley Place. He was 29 years old and working as a stained glass artist, a profession in which he became highly regarded.
In 1878 it is known that Alex was working from 64 Portland Road, Notting Hill, and between 1880 and 1894 he worked at his home at 6 Euston Square, St. Pancras. His first wife, Agnes Buckley, moved to 6 Euston Square after their marriage in 1881.
Alex worked for a time for the firm of Cox, Sons & Buckley, an ecclesiastical furnishings company based in London. Note that there appears to no family connection whatsoever between Irish-born Michael Joseph Cunningham Buckley (1848/49-1905), the Buckley partner in Cox, Sons & Buckley, and Alex's wife, Agnes. However, just in case they were related, here is some further information on Michael, taken mainly from the Dictionary of Irish Architects, 1720-1940:
Michael was an antiquarian and designer of church furnishings, of London, Youghal in Co. Cork and Bruges in Belgium, and was active from the 1860s until his death in 1905. He was a son of John George Buckley of Carrick-on-Suir, Co. Tipperary, although the New Zealand Tablet edition of 28 September 1905 tells us that Michael came from an old Youghal family. John, Michael's father, had attempted to emigrate to Newfoundland in 1815 but was captured en route by a French privateer and taken as a prisoner to France where he remained for some time after his release. Michael himself was born in Cahir, Co. Tipperary in 1847 or 1848 and educated at Mount Melleray Abbey School, Co. Waterford, and in Louvain, Belgium. He subsequently served his time as an architect under Brangman of Brussels and in 1881 became a partner in the firm of Cox, Sons & Buckley, ecclesiastical art manufacturers of London. However the firm failed, possibly about 1893 (as the company was taken over by Curtis, Ward & Hughes in that year), causing Michael severe financial loss. He moved back to Ireland, where he established a stained glass and metal works in Youghal, Co. Cork. He also acted as agent and designer for the Decorative Arts Guild of Bruges and was about to bring a number of Belgian art workers to work in Youghal at the time of his death. He died after a short illness on 2 August 1905 at his home, 'Montmorenci', Gillets Hill, Youghal and was buried in the North Abbey churchyard in Youghal. He was unmarried.
Interestingly Alex's brother Clement, also a stained glass artist, was living in Youghal at the end of the 19th century. As the Bookers had no known Youghal connection it many have been that Clement moved to Youghal because he was offered employment at Michael's stained glass works in the town.
Getting back to Alex, his commissions includes glasswork in All Saints Church, Salhouse, Norfolk (1874 - 1899); St. Thomas's Church, Ryde, Isle of Wight (1883); Stoke St. Gregory Church, Somerset (1886); St. Edmund's Church, Costessey, Norfolk (1889); St. Michael and All Angels Church, Booton, Norfolk (1891); St. Mary's Church, Mold, Flintshire, Wales (1891); St. Michael and All Angels Church, Appleby, Leicestershire (1893); St. Edmund's Church, Fritton, Norfolk (1900); and St. Patrick' Cathedral, Auckland, New Zealand (1906 and 1907).
In the early 1990s Alex moved to Bruges, Belgium, where some of the above works were executed. Perhaps he worked with or for Michael Cunningham above who had a branch of his business in the city. We know that Alex was resident in Belgium in 1894 as an article in the Cheshire Observer of 14 April of that year on the installation of his stained glass window in Mold Parish Church refers to him as having moved to Belgium from St. Pancras. It appears that he had moved to Brussels from Bruges by about 1907 as mention is made of the stained glass window by 'the well-known artist Alex Booker of Brussels' (according to the New Zealand Tablet edition of 14 February 1907).
Sometime after returning to London Alex and his second wife, Theresa (a sister of his first wife, Agnes) lived in St. Scholastica's Retreat, Kennington Road, Clapton. The Retreat, now demolished, was designed by architect E. W. Pugin and was built to provide accommodation, in self-contained units, for elderly Catholics of diminished means.
+ 19 M viii George Charles BUCKLEY was born on 4 Jul 1861. He died on 17 Aug 1932.
6. George Patrick BUTLER (George James , 'unknown' ) was born on 2 Mar 1834 in St. Martin-in-the-Fields, London. He was christened on 23 Mar 1834 in St. Patrick's Church, Westminster, London. He died on 18 Apr 1911 in 59 Rowan Road, Hammersmith, London. He was buried in St. Mary's Cemetery, Kensal Green, London (grave 7197).
George married Jane LYNCH, daughter of John LYNCH and Mary Ann EGAN, on 11 Jan 1862 in St Patrick's Chapel, Sutton St., The Strand, London. Jane was born in May 1834 in probably parish of SS Michael and John (near Christchurch), Dublin. She was christened on 25 May 1834 in St. Michael parish, Dublin. She died on 22 Jul 1902 in 23 Rowan Road, Hammersmith, London. She was buried in St. Mary's Cemetery, Kensal Green, London (grave 7197).
George and Jane had the following children.
20 M i
George Joseph BUTLER was born on 6 Aug 1863 in 29a Haymarket, London. He was christened on 12 Aug 1863 in St. Patrick's Church, Soho Square, Westminster, London. He died after 2 Apr 1911 in probably London.
George's baptismal sponsers were Paul Joseph Roret and Emilia Roret.
George was a musical instrument maker in the family business. He is listed in the 1901 and 1911 returns for for the Butler household, suggesting he still lived at home. He was 47 at the time of the 1911 census so it is likely he never married. The Haymarket shop closed down in 1913. Assuming George was alive at the time, the closure seems surprising given that he was then aged only about 50. However, it is believed George was a poor businessman who did not enjoy good health.
Note: The George J. Butler who died in Lambeth, London in 1950 aged 87 is not our George above, but George John, a retired police constable, with the informant being a daughter.
+ 21 F ii Mary Theresa BUTLER was born on 29 Mar 1865. She died in Mar 1953. + 22 F iii Jane Frances BUTLER was born on 3 Dec 1867. She died on 9 Mar 1946. + 23 M iv William John BUTLER was born about 1869. He died on 2 Nov 1933. + 24 F v Winifred Mary BUTLER was born about 1876. She died on 2 May 1919.
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