All Families and Individuals

Henry (Harold) Charles KENT [Parents] was born in 1864 in Kensington, London. He died in 1898 in 20 Cromwell Grove, Hammersmith. Henry married Catherine (Kate) HUSSEY on 15 Jan 1896 in Our Lady of Victories Church, High St., Kensington.

Harold was a journalist. He was born into a literary family and grew up in Kensington. His father, Charles, was an editor (his appointments included editorship of the Sun newspaper from 1845 to 1870) as well as a journalist and poet. Charles was also a good friend of Charles Dickens and a lock of Dickens's hair was passed down to Harold; it is still in the possession of the family. And Harold's mother, Ann, who was a daughter of the Sun newspaper proprietor Murdo Young, was an author.

According to his death record, Harold died of "tuberculosis of lungs 1 year and 3 months. Heart failure". He was only 34 years of age.

Catherine (Kate) HUSSEY [Parents] was born on 10 Oct 1875 in probably 96 High St., Kensington, London. She was christened on 29 Oct 1875 in Our Lady of Victories, High St., Kensington. She died on 13 Mar 1944 in 56 Shakespeare Road, Worthing, West Sussex. Catherine married Henry (Harold) Charles KENT on 15 Jan 1896 in Our Lady of Victories Church, High St., Kensington.

Kate's baptismal sponsors were Charles McCarthy and Ellen Mary McCarthy.

Kate is listed in the 1901 and 1911 census returns for her parents' household at 23 St. Mary Abbots Terrace, Kensington, suggesting she probably moved back in with them after the death of her husband, Harold. The 1911 census tells us she was working as a builder's clerk, suggest she worked for her father.

Kate appears to have moved out sometime after that as the 1919 electoral register suggests that her sister Agnes was living alone at that address in that year. However, the electoral registers for 1925 and 1930 tell us that Kate was back at 23 St. Mary Abbots Terrace, living with her sisters Agnes and Elizabeth. However, according to the electoral registers for 1936 and 1937 and the 1939 Register, Kate and Elizabeth are shown as living at 18 Marloes Road in Kensington.

From the Index to Wills we know that Kate later moved to Leicester, where she lived at 31 Knighton Drive. The reason for the move appears to have been the fact that her daughter (and only child), Marjorie had moved to Leicester (Marjorie's address at the time of the death of her aunt Elizabeth Hussey in 1941 was 1 Leicester Road, Glenfield, Leicester). Kate evidently moved to Worthing in West Sussex towards the end of her life, probably due to the fact that Marjorie had moved to Sussex. The Index to Wills also tells us that Kate left £10,013 8s 3d to Marjorie.

They had the following children.

  F i Marjorie Mary Catherine KENT was born on 2 Nov 1896. She died in May 1990.

Clifford Eric RALFS was born on 4 Sep 1896. He died on 29 Jan 1968 in Midhurst, West Sussex. Clifford married Marjorie Mary Catherine KENT in 1926 in Kensington, London.

Clifford was an estate agent with offices in Kensington and in Selsey in West Sussex.

Marjorie Mary Catherine KENT [Parents] was born on 2 Nov 1896 in Hammersmith, London. She died in May 1990 in Chichester, West Sussex. Marjorie married Clifford Eric RALFS in 1926 in Kensington, London.

Marjorie was a domestic science teacher. In 1939 she and her husband, Clifford, and their family were living on York Road, Chichester, Sussex, and at the time of the death of her aunt Elizabeth Hussey two years later, they were living in Leicester, at 1 Leicester Road, Glenfield. By the 1950s they had moved back to London and were living at Holland Place Chambers in Kensington. Marjorie and Clifford later moved to Selsey in West Sussex. At the time of her death, at the age of 93, Marjorie's address was 4 Grove Road, Selsey, West Sussex.

They had the following children.

  M i John Ellis RALFS was born on 3 Oct 1927. He died in 1997.
  M ii Peter Francis RALFS was born in 1930. He died on 3 May 2009.

Thomas (Tom) Patrick RYAN [Parents] was born about 22 Jul 1894 in Garryhill, Co. Carlow. He was christened on 22 Jul 1894 in Bagenalstown, Co. Carlow. He died on 23 Feb 1941 in Dublin. Thomas married Eileen Florence COLLINS on 28 Sep 1927 in Church of the Most Holy Redeemer, Bray, Co. Wicklow.

Sponsors at Tom's baptism were James Nolan and Pauline Kearney.

Tom was a Customs and Excise officer. He and his wife, Eileen, and their family lived at 30 Wilfield Road, Ballsbridge, Dublin.

Eileen Florence COLLINS [Parents] was born about 1900 in Co. Dublin. She died on 3 Nov 1980 in Dublin. Eileen married Thomas (Tom) Patrick RYAN on 28 Sep 1927 in Church of the Most Holy Redeemer, Bray, Co. Wicklow.

Eileen, a teacher, was from The Grange, Lucan, Co. Dublin.

They had the following children.

  M i
Malachy RYAN was born in 1928 in Dublin. He died on 31 Jan 2015 in Sandymount, Dublin. He was buried in Glasnevin Cemetery, Dublin.

Malachy, who never married, lived in Sandymount, Dublin.
  F ii Living.
  F iii Living.
  M iv John RYAN died about 2007.

Living [Parents].


They had the following children.

  F i Living.
  F ii Living.
  M iii Living.
  M iv Living.


Living [Parents].


Living [Parents].

They had the following children.

  M i Living.
  M ii Living.
  F iii Living.
  F iv Living.
  F v Living.

William John MURPHY [Parents] was born in 1846 in probably Knocklonogad, Garryhill, Co. Carlow. He died on 12 Feb 1932 in 71 Irishtown, Clonmel, Co. Tipperary. He was buried in St. Patrick's Cemetery, Clonmel, Co. Tipperary. William married Mary Margaret CHEASTY on 6 Oct 1896 in Carrick-on-Suir, Co. Waterford.

Other marriages:

In July 1861, at the age of about 15, William began a two-year course at the Albert Agricultural College in Glasnevin, Dublin. During this time he lost his left hand in an agricultural machinery accident, which occurred when his brother John, who would have been three or four years old at the time, was visting William at the college and got caught in the machine. William helped to release him but lost his hand in the process. It is likely the accident occurred in January 1863 as Albert College records show that William left his studies on sick leave on 28 January 1963, returning on 28 February 1863.

Unable to pursue his career plans in horticulture with just one hand, William turned to teaching and was offered a position in the boys' section of the workhouse school in Clonmel, Co. Tipperary, where he taught for a number of years from about 1864. Given his farming qualification it is possible he gave instruction in this subject in the workhouse school. He certainly maintained a strong interest in agriculture throughout his life and was a prolific contributor of letters and articles to farming and gardening magazines, e.g., "The Irish Farm, Forest and Garden", "The Gardener's Chronicle", "The Garden", "Journal of Horticulture", "Farm and Home" and "The Gardening World". He always signed himself 'WJM Clonmel' and was still being published in 1916, when he was about 70. The March 2019 edition of "The Irish Garden" has an interesting article by Charles Nelson on William's gardening expertise, entitled "Who was 'WJM Clonmel'?".    

William's success in having articles published may have led to his move from teaching into a career in journalism. He ended up running The Clonmel Nationalist newspaper, which was established in 1890 to communicate the views of the nationalist community in Tipperary. He is variously described as founder, manager, editor and publisher of the newspaper but I am unsure which role(s) actually applied to him. I have been told he owned the building in which the newspaper was printed. The paper is still in business and is now simply called The Nationalist.

At the time of his second marriage, to Mary, in 1896 William was living in Old Grange, Clonea, Co. Waterford. Later he and Mary lived at 71 Irishtown in Clonmel. In the early 1900s William was influential in getting the statue of "The '98 Man", commemorating those nationalists involved in the 1798 Rebellion, erected in Clonmel. The statue, in front of the town hall, was unveiled in 1904.

In March 1909 William was arrested at his home in Irishtown and charged with criminal conspiracy arising out of the intimidation of a landowner named Charles Neville Clarke who owned property in Graiguenoe, Holycross, Co. Tipperary. William and eight others were accused of threatening Mr. Clarke in order to force him sell the lands surrounding his Graiguenoe home to the Estates Commission so they could be divided among other local farmers. The intimidatory tactics cited in the "Holycross Conspiracy Charge", as it was known, included the publication in The Nationalist of allegedly inflammatory articles concerning Mr. Clarke. The case was widely reported on at the time, and the manner of William's arrest (the police came to his home before 6am, while William was still in bed, which was a departure from usual protocol when arresting prominent citizens) was raised in the House of Commons by John Redmond of the Irish Parliamentary Party and Hilaire Belloc of the Liberal Party. The case was heard in May 1910 and William was acquitted but the other eight accused, who were not known to William, were found guilty and served prison sentences.

Mary Margaret CHEASTY [Parents] was born about 12 May 1867 in Old Grange, Clonea, Co. Waterford. She was christened on 14 May 1867 in Clonea & Rathcormac, Co. Waterford. She died on 21 Dec 1933 in Irishtown, Clonmel, Co. Tipperary. She was buried in Clonea, Carrick-on-Suir, Co. Waterford. Mary married William John MURPHY on 6 Oct 1896 in Carrick-on-Suir, Co. Waterford.

The sponsor at Mary's baptism was J. Anna Flahavan.

Mary, who was from Portlaw, Co. Waterford, was William's second wife. At the time of her marriage in 1898 Mary was living in Mothel, Carrick-on-Suir, Co. Waterford and was working as a housekeeper. According to the 1911 census, Mary and William had had five children born alive, all of whom survived to adulthood.

Mary's aunts Nano and Georgina (Flahavan) funded the education of Mary and William's four daughters, Marion, Pearlie, Alice and Ena.

I am told that four brothers from an earlier generation of Mary's family (names unknown) were killed at Vinegar Hill during the 1798 Rebellion.

Marriage Notes:

The witnesses at William and Mary's marriage were Brendan J. Long (an editor at the Clonmel Nationalist newspaper) and Mary Flahavan.

They had the following children.

  F i Marion Delia MURPHY was born on 19 Jul 1898. She died on 11 May 1983.
  M ii Patrick (Paddy) Joseph MURPHY was born on 15 Mar 1900. He died in 1984.
  F iii Margaret (Pearlie) M. J. MURPHY was born on 25 Sep 1902. She died about 2004.
  F iv Alice MURPHY was born on 27 Feb 1905. She died on 12 Oct 1964.
  F v Georgina (Ena) Mary MURPHY was born on 18 Mar 1907. She died on 13 Nov 1974.
  M vi
John William MURPHY was born on 16 Sep 1911 in Clonmel, Co. Tipperary. He died on 1 Mar 2006. He was buried in St. Patrick's Cemetery, Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.

John attended Clonmel High School. He worked for a time for the ESB (Electricity Supply Board) before moving to London around 1938 where he worked for the Lucas Rotax aircraft company. John, who never married, returned to Ireland around 1974, living on Burnaby Road, Greystones, Co. Wicklow. He lived with his sister Ena initially, until her death in 1975. John himself died in 2006 at the age of 95. He is buried in St. Patrick's Cemetery, Clonmel, not far from the grave of his father, William, and sisters Marion and Ena.

William J. MURPHY was born about 1789 in possibly Co. Cork. He died on 12 Jul 1849 in probably Knocklonogad, Garryhill, Co. Carlow. He was buried in Drumphea Churchyard, Garryhill, Co. Carlow. William married Mary MURPHY in Garryhill, Co. Carlow.

Family lore has it that William was a farmer's son from Co. Cork who travelled to Wexford to take part in the 1798 Rebellion and was wounded at Vinegar Hill. Apparently he managed to evade capture by making his way across the Blackstairs Mountains into Co. Carlow. The story goes that he was taken in by a local farmer, also named Murphy, and nursed back to health. William subsequently married the farmer's sister, Mary. I am told that the farmer's family was Protestant and that Mary was much older than William. Apparently Mary's brother, i.e., the farmer who took in William, emigrated to the United States and, over 100 years later, in 1910, a descendant of this farmer, who was a Catholic priest, travelled to Ireland where he met family members in Clonmel. Presumably these included William's grandson William who was living in Clonmel at that time. It is interesting that a descendant of the farmer, who was Protestant, became a priest. Perhaps the Protestant connection was with another member of the Murphy family, i.e. perhaps the farmer himself was not a Protestant.

The dates above provided by the family do not, however, tie in with the story of William's participation in the 1798 Rebellion and his flight into Carlow. William was supposedly born about 1789 which would have made him too young to fight in the Rebellion, and Mary, we are told, was born about 1790 which means she was not an older woman. Further checking, e.g., consulting church records, would need to be carried out in this regard.   

Murphy is the anglicised version of two Irish surnames, 'Ó Murchadha' (in modern Irish 'Ó Murchu') and 'Mac Murchadha', both derived from the popular early Irish personal name Murchadh, meaning "sea-warrior". Mac Murchadha ("son of Murchadh") is exclusive to Ulster where they were originally based in present-day Co. Tyrone but were driven out and settled in Co. Armagh where the Ulster Murphys are now most numerous. The Murphy name is also common in counties Fermanagh and Monaghan. Elsewhere in Ireland, the Ó Murchadha (descendant of Murchadh) name arose separately in at least three distinct areas, in Cork, Roscommon and Wexford. The most prominent of these were the Wexford Uí Murchadha. These took their surname from Murchadh or Murrough, grandfather of Dermot MacMurrough, King of Leinster. Their territory lay in the barony of Ballaghkeen in Co. Wexford, their main seats being Morriscastle ("Ó Murchu's Castle"), Toberlamina, Oulart and Oularteigh. In the late sixteenth century, however, their chief, Donal Mor O'Morchoe (as the name was then anglicised) was overthrown, and all of his territory, with the exception of land in Oularteigh, was confiscated. Most of his followers were scattered and settled in the surrounding counties, in Kilkenny and Carlow particularly.

Note that in some older references to Knocklonogad, its parish is given as Sliguff rather than Garryhill. Also note that that I have seen Knocklonogad spelled as Knocklonegad and Knocklonagad.

Mary MURPHY was born about 1790 in possibly Knocklonogad, Garryhill, Co. Carlow. She died on 2 Jul 1868 in probably Knocklonogad, Garryhill, Co. Carlow. She was buried in Drumphea Churchyard, Garryhill, Co. Carlow. Mary married William J. MURPHY in Garryhill, Co. Carlow.

It is probable that Mary's family came from the townland of Knocklonogad in Garryhill, Co. Carlow. It is not known if she and William had more children besides John below.

We have heard of another Mary Murphy who may have been from Knocklonogad and who married a Patrick Gallagher. Their children were born in either Knocklonogad and Drumphea and were baptised in Myshall parish church (unfortunately we do not have any dates). This Mary, whose father's name may have been James, had a number of siblings, some of whom emigrated to the United States. Could this Mary have been connected to our Mary above?

Note that Knocklonogad seems to be also spelled as Knocklonegad and Knocklonagad.

They had the following children.

  M i John William MURPHY was born in 1811. He died on 25 Nov 1887.

Louis Napoléon LE ROUX was born in 1890 in Pleudaniel, Brittany, France. He died on 5 Aug 1944 in Middlesex Hospital, Marylebone, London. He was buried on 10 Aug 1944 in Surbiton Cemetery, Surrey. Louis married Marion Delia MURPHY on 20 Jul 1936 in St. Andrew's Church, Westland Row, Dublin.

Apparently it was Louis himself who added Napoléon to his first name, and it appears that neither his wife nor the Le Roux family were ever quite sure why he did this. The name given on his marriage and death records is, however, Louis Marie Le Roux.  

Louis was a journalist, author and fervent supporter of the Breton separatist movement. He worked as either a bookkeeper or private secretary to Breton nationalist and writer Taldir Jaffrennou and wrote for a number of Breton separatist publications, including the bilingual (French/Breton) newspaper Ar Bobl of which he was also a sub-editor. In 1911 he co-founded, with Camille Le Mercier d'Erm, the Parti National Breton (Breton Nationalist Party).

It is said that Louis fled France for Switzerland in 1913 to avoid conscription into the French army and that attempts were made to extradite him back to France. However, letters written to a friend, Paul Buchet, whom Louis first met around 1910 when both were doing compulsory military service in Saint-Malo, suggest that this was not the case. The letters, sent from Paris during 1913 and in early 1914, clearly show Louis’ intention to move to England in the near future. There is no mention of conscription or Switzerland, rather there are several references to the English lessons he was taking during 1913 in preparation for the move. He finally decided on 28 January 1914 to move to London the following week, following the end of a love affair with a woman who he felt had treated him badly. Lodgings in London were organised (in the home of a Mrs. Goode of 10 Burnley Road, Stockwell) and there is no reason to indicate he did not make the journey. It is of course possible Louis was conscripted once war broke out, and fled to Switzerland at that point, or maybe attempts were made to extradite him back to France from England.   

Regarding Louis' whereabouts during the war, it is thought that he visited Ireland for the first time in 1914, and we know that he served in the British Army from June 1916 until September 1917 when he was discharged on medical grounds. It is also known that he visited Ireland in 1919 when he spoke at a conference in Dublin hosted by the Irish Literary Society. In 1922 he was still living in London, working as private secretary to the British Labour politician (later prime minister) Ramsay MacDonald, whose papers he was translating into French.

Louis returned to Ireland in 1930 to visit the grave of United Irishmen leader Wolfe Tone (in Bodenstown Cemetery in Co. Kildare). He was still living in London in 1932 and it is thought that he moved to Ireland around 1933, lodging for a number of years in the Dublin home of Kathleen Clarke, widow of Tom Clarke, one of the leaders of the 1916 Rising. Through republican contacts he found work with the Irish Hospitals' Trust (founded to provide funds, by means of a sweepstake system, for hospitals in Ireland). His job, in the Trust's Foreign Department, apparently involved the clandestine distribution of sweepstake tickets, through a republican network, in the United States where such lotteries were illegal at the time.

It is likely that Louis met Irish-born Marion Murphy, whom he would marry in 1936, shortly before leaving England for Ireland, or very soon therafter, because in 1932 or 1933 he was accompanied by a young Irishwoman on a 'Tro Breizh' pilgrimage in Brittany (that follows a route linking the seven Breton towns associated with Brittany's seven founding saints).

Due to economic cutbacks at the outbreak of World War II, Louis lost his job at the Irish Hospitals' Trust and, in 1939 or 1940, he and Marion reluctantly left Ireland to live in London. There he worked as an assistant to future Conservative prime minister Harold Macmillan. In 1944, however, Louis died following a German bombing raid. There are conflicting accounts of the exact circumstances of his death. According to one family source, Louis suffered a heart attack following a German attack. Another family member has told me he died from head injuries received when a building collapsed during a German raid, while Presse d'Armor journalist Dimitri Rouchon-Borie, in his 2008 article, 'Qui était donc Louis Napoléon Le Roux ?', tells us that Louis was in hospital in London suffering from a severe bout of flu and was killed when a V2 bomb was dropped on the building. And according to Louis' obituary in the Irish Press, he died "after a short illness". What is certain is that Louis died in the Middlesex Hospital in London. His address at the time of his death was 14 Prince of Wales Terrace, Kensington, London.

Louis' best-known work was a biography of Irish nationalist Padraic Pearse, 'L'Irlande Militante : La vie de Patrice Pearse', published in France in 1932 and translated into English shortly afterwards. It is believed the publication of this book may have been a factor in Louis being granted Irish citizenship in 1932. Other published works included several articles for the republican newpaper An Phoblacht in the early 1930s, and the publication in 1936 of 'Tom Clarke and the Irish Freedom Movement'. Louis also compiled a biography of the Limerick Fenian John Daly (an uncle of Kathleen, Tom Clarke’s widow), which remains unpublished.

In 2008 the Irish government purchased Louis' private papers from Marion's family. These documents are historically significant in that they provide fresh material relating to Irish republicanism in the early part of the 20th century. Now in the National Library in Dublin, the papers include correspondence with several leading republicans, including a number of survivors of the 1916 Rising. Many of these correspondents had provided Louis with information for his articles and biographies, but because of the risks to their security, Louis was at the time unable to reveal his sources in his published works; such secrecy is no longer necessary.

Many thanks go to Bob Boles and Didier Longuèvre for much of the above information. Further details on Louis' life and involvement in nationalist affairs may be found in Éamon Ó Ciosáin's article entitled 'La Bretagne et l'Irlande pendant l'entre-deux guerres (Première partie)', published (in French) in the Spring 1988 edition of the Breton historical journal Dalc'homp Soñj.

Marion Delia MURPHY [Parents] was born on 19 Jul 1898 in Clonmel, Co. Tipperary. She died on 11 May 1983 in Thurles, Co. Tipperary. She was buried in St. Patrick's Cemetery, Clonmel, Co. Tipperary. Marion married Louis Napoléon LE ROUX on 20 Jul 1936 in St. Andrew's Church, Westland Row, Dublin.

After leaving Loreto secondary school in Clonmel, Marion attended a college in Devon (course unknown) after which she worked at Harrods in London from 1914 to 1918, living initially in the Kensington/Brook Green area of London. At some point she spent three years in Paris. She later returned to Ireland where she worked as an official in the Office of Public Works. After their marriage in 1936, she and her French husband, Louis, lived in Dublin before moving to London around 1939. Marion and Louis had no children. Marion moved back to Ireland after Louis' death in 1944, living for many years in a flat on St. Stephen's Green. She died at a nursing home in Thurles aged about 85.

It is not known when Marion and Louis first met but it is possible it was while Marion was living in Paris. Apparently Marion was a friend of Louis' sisters but it is not known if she knew them before she met Louis. Another possibility is that the couple met through Kathleen Clarke, who was Louis' Dublin landlady and a friend of Marion's, but we do not know if the friendship between Marion and Kathleen came about before or after Marion and Louis met. There has also been speculation that they may have met through contact between Louis and Marion's father, a staunch nationalist, in connection with political matters.

Percy Joseph RUSSELL [Parents] was born in 7? Mar 1896 in Air Hill, Clonmel, Co. Tipperary. He died. Percy married Margaret (Pearlie) M. J. MURPHY on 6 Feb 1935 in University Church, Dublin.

Percy, an engineer, grew up in Air Hill, Clonmel, Co. Tipperary. He and his wife, Pearlie, lived in Bray, Co. Wicklow. Their house, which overlooked Bray Head and the coastline, was designed by Stephen Hussey, the husband of Pearlie's first cousin Mary Ryan.

Percy's name on his marriage record is Peter, so Percy may have been a nickname for Peter.

Margaret (Pearlie) M. J. MURPHY [Parents] was born on 25 Sep 1902 in Clonmel, Co. Tipperary. She died about 2004 in Bray, Co. Wicklow. Margaret married Percy Joseph RUSSELL on 6 Feb 1935 in University Church, Dublin.

Pearlie attended Loreto convent school in Clonmel before studying for a teaching qualification in the north of England (possibly in Newcastle or Carlisle or both). She worked as a teacher in Croydon, Surrey before returning to live in Ireland.

Pearlie died at the age of 102.

They had the following children.

  F i
Claire RUSSELL was born about 1937 in Dublin. She died about 1991.

Claire, who lived in Bray, Co. Wicklow, never married. She spoke very good Japanese, having worked in Japan for some time. She died at the age of 54.

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