All Families and Individuals

John LYNCH was born about 1806 in Ireland. He died on 19 Oct 1873 in 27 Great Russell Street, St. Giles North, London. He was buried on 23 Oct 1873 in St. Mary's Cemetery, Kensal Green, London. John married Mary Ann EGAN on 13 Feb 1832 in Parish of St. Nicholas, Dublin.

I am very grateful to Ursula Staszynski, a great-great-great-granddaughter of John Lynch, above, for sharing the results of her considerable research into the Lynch family.

According to the 1841 and 1861 censuses of England and Wales, John was a tailor. According to his death certificate, John died of enteritis, the duration of which was 12 days. His son William was present at his death.

John is buried, along with his wife, Mary Ann, in St. Mary's Cemetery, Kensal Green, London. Unfortunately their grave was public rather than private, and when the cemetery authority needed to create new private graves in 1980, public graves had their headstones removed and the public area was covered over with a new mound of earth. Although John and Mary Ann's grave was undisturbed no trace of it is now visible, although we do know that they were buried in plot no. 89 in section NP.

I have been told by George Butler, a great-grandson of John's, that our Lynch family may have had Galway origins. However I have been unable to verify this. The Lynch surname, one of the most common in Ireland, is unusual in that it comes from two distinct sources. The first of these is the Norman 'de Lench' family which settled in Co. Meath, a branch later establishing itself in Co. Galway where they rapidly became one of the strongest of the famous Tribes of Galway. The second origin of the surname is the Irish 'Ó Loingsigh', meaning 'seamen'. Considering the importance of the sea in Irish life, the surname arose quite separately in a number of areas, including Clare/Limerick, Sligo, west Cork, Cavan, Donegal, and the north Antrim/Derry region.

Mary Ann EGAN [Parents] was born about 1813 in Dublin. She died on 29 Dec 1887 in 8 Tavistock St., St. Giles North, London. She was buried on 3 Jan 1888 in St. Mary's Cemetery, Kensal Green, London. Mary married John LYNCH on 13 Feb 1832 in Parish of St. Nicholas, Dublin.

It is a possibility that Mary Ann's parents' names were William Egan and Mary Gallagher as a baptismal record has been located (om for a Maria A. Egan, daughter of Gulielmi (Latin version of William) Egan and Maria A. Gallagher, who was baptised in the parish of St. Nicholas, Dublin (where our Mary Ann was married) on 4 December 1814. This baptismal date ties in roughly with Mary Ann's age as given in a number of censuses, and it is the only baptismal record I have come across for any Mary Ann Egan who was born in Dublin around this time (census information tells us that our Mary Ann was born in Dublin). However, this is not sufficient proof that the Mary Ann Egan who was baptised in St. Nicholas's parish on 4 December 1814 is our Mary Ann who married John Lynch in 1833.     

At the time of the 1841 census Mary Ann, her husband, John, and their family were living on Greek Street, Soho in London. Twenty years later, at the time of the 1861 census, the family was at 57a Charlotte Street, St Pancras in London, and the 1881 census tells us that Mary Ann, by now a widow, was living at 8 Tavistock St., St. Giles, Finsbury, London. Listed with her are her daughters Abigail and Anna and son William, all single, and young grandchildren Teresa and Rosa Turner (the daughters of Mary Ann's daughter Teresa).

Marriage Notes:

Witnesses were Henrico (presumably Henry) English and Brigida (presumably Bridget) Grady.

They had the following children.

  F i Jane LYNCH was born in May 1834. She died on 22 Jul 1902.
  F ii
Abigail (Abby) LYNCH was born on 14 Jan 1836 in St. Martin's, London. She was christened on 17 Jan 1836 in St. Patrick's Church, Soho Square, Westminster, London. She died on 22 Dec 1916 in Hanwell, Middlesex.

Abby's baptismal sponsors were John Cunningham and Rebecca Cunningham.

Abby never married. According to the 1861 census she worked as a milliner. By the time of the 1881 census she was a dressmaker and living with her widowed mother. By 1901 she was living at 10 Doughty St., St. Pancras, London with her sister Anna Maria and brother William. Ten years later she was still at the same address and living with Anna Maria and her widowered brother John (William had died in 1906).
  M iii
Edward LYNCH was born about 1837 in London. He died on 15 Nov 1902 in Cheshire. He was buried on 19 Nov 1902 in St. Mary's Cemetery, Kensal Green, London (grave 2556).

Edward became a priest. According to his obituary in the 22 November 1902 edition of The Tablet "Sedgley Park [in Wolverhamption] was his first college, after which he proceeded to Ushaw [County Durham], where he finished his studies and stayed on for some time as a professor" (the 1861 census tells us he was a student at the time at St. Cuthbert's College, a seminary in Ushaw). "Leaving college he went as curate first to St. Werburgh's, Chester" (the 1871 census tells us he was serving at St. Werburgh's). "He next moved to St. Lawrence's, Birkenhead, then to Shrewsbury, then back again to the mission of Our Lady Star of the Sea at Seacombe" (he was at St. Joseph's Presbytery, Wheatland Lane, Seacombe at the time of the 1881 census). "Returning to his first mission of St. Werburgh's, Chester, he remained there till his death" (the 1891 census tells us he was at St. Werburgh's Presbytery, and according to the 1901 census he was living on Union St. in Chester).

After Edward's death probate was granted to Canon Thomas John Marsden and to George Butler, husband of his sister Jane. He left effects amounting to £805 2s. 4d.
  M iv John Joseph LYNCH was born on 7 Feb 1840. He died on 21 Aug 1912.
  M v
William Stephen LYNCH was born on 2 Jan 1842 in St. Anne's, London. He was christened on 23 Jan 1842 in St. Patrick's Church, Soho Square, Westminster, London. He died on 4 Feb 1906 in St. Pancras, London (probably 10 Doughty St.).

William's baptismal sponsors were Bartholomew Byrne and Ann Maria Byrne.

According to the 1861 and 1881 censuses William was a chronometer (watch) maker. He never married and lived with his sisters Abby and Anna Maria at 10 Doughty St., St. Pancras towards the end of his life.
  F vi
Anna Maria LYNCH was born on 14 Dec 1843 in St. Giles, London. She was christened on 8 Jan 1844 in St. Patrick's Church, Soho Square, Westminster, London. She died after 22 Dec 1916.

The names of Anna Maria's sponsors on her baptismal record are illigible.

According to the 1881 census, Anna was a dressmaker. She never married.
  M vii
Albert Henry LYNCH was born on 27 Oct 1846 in London. He was christened on 6 Nov 1846 in St. Patrick's Church, Soho Square, Westminster, London. He died on 13 Apr 1854 in 192 Tottenham Court Road, North St. Giles, London.

Albert's baptismal sponsors were [first name illegible] Kinsley and Anna Laplane.

Albert was only seven years of age when he died of enteritis.
  F viii Teresa L. LYNCH was born about 1849. She died on 1 Jun 1881.

William John BUTLER [Parents] was born about 1869 in possibly 6 Brompton Square, Kensington, London. He died on 2 Nov 1933 in Dublin. He was buried in St. Fintan's Cemetery, Sutton, Dublin. William married Eleanor (Nellie) GILROY on 13 Aug 1906 in St. Andrew's Church, Westland Row, Dublin.

It is possible that William may have attended school at St. Edmund's Roman Catholic College in Ware, Hertfordshire: in the course of my research into the Hussey family from Kensington (members of which attended St. Edmund's and later married into William's family, I came across information on a William Butler who attended the college from 1880 until 1882 and who was born about 1870 in Brompton, Middlesex; our William above was born about 1870 in Brompton which makes me think they could be the same person.

Our William went on to become a musical instrument maker in the family business, frequently visiting its Dublin branch. Around the time of his marriage in 1906 to Nellie, one of his employees, he moved permanently to Dublin. The Dublin shop was located at that time in Monument House at 34 Bachelor's Walk and business was good, due in part to the fact that in those days every town had its own band (usually fife and drum). Part of William's work involved taking the train to large towns and then cycling to the smaller towns where he would presumably take orders for band instruments. While the company manufactured many of its own instruments (bagpipes, drums, flutes, bugles, etc.) William also travelled to continental Europe to buy violins, accordians and other instruments. About seven people were employed in the workshop, while one person worked solely on gramophone repairs. The shop also had a piano showroom.

The London branch of the business, run by William's brother, George, closed in 1913, apparently owing to financial difficulties; and in 1916 the Dublin business ran into trouble. During the Easter Rising of that year the Dublin shop was taken over by rebels, who emptied the building of its musical instruments, some of which were later found on the bed of the River Liffey at low tide. To oust the rebels, British forces shelled the building from what was then The Red Bank Restaurant on D'Olier St. The shop was badly damaged and the business was relocated the following year to the ground floor of nearby 2 Lower Abbey St. The family home up to this time appears to have been at this address and it seems that the family moved to Howth, Co. Dublin around this time.

By the early 1920s Irish towns no longer had their own bands as the authorities apparently regarded a band at that time as an "unlawful assembly" and band members actually buried their instruments (many of which were brought back to Butlers years later for repair). William's business suffered as a result. Around this time too William's wife, Nellie, died. Further troubles were encountered during the Civil War (1920-1923) when, on 6 February 1923, the IRA targeted the Pathé Frères cinema company which occupied the first and second floors of 2 Lower Abbey St. A number of armed men entered the premises, poured petrol around the Pathé Frères offices and set it alight. It is thought that the men also planted an incendiary bomb as an explosion followed the fire, causing a number of Pathé Frères employees to be thrown off their feet as they fled the burning building. Miraculously, nobody was killed but the building was badly damaged. Although William did receive a small amount of compensation as a result of the Damage to Property Compensation Act of 1923, there was no proper insurance cover because the damage was caused by an act of war.

William's company was by now in severe financial difficulty. It appears William and his children moved back to their old Abbey St. home in 1927 and I have been told that the company closed down in the same year. However, from a newspaper clipping in a family scrapbook, dated 21 November 1933 (publication unknown), we know that "The firm of Messrs. J. still being carried on at 2 Lr. Abbey St., although the head of the firm, Mr. W. J. Butler, died a few weeks ago." William had died in Jervis St. Hospital in Dublin on 2 November of pneumonia and cardiac failure.

I have been told by a family source that William had a cousin (type unknown) from Dublin named Kate Lynch (William'a mother's maiden name was Lynch), who worked in Paris in the mid-1910s, possibly as a governess. The story goes that she subsequently moved to St. Petersburg in Russia with the same family she worked for in Paris. Following the departure of this family from St. Petersburg, Kate stayed on as governess to the family of the crown prince, later Czar Nicholas II. It is said that during the Revolution of 1917, she escaped from St. Petersburg in a cattle-truck. A 1901 census record has been located for a Kate Lynch, a 27-year-old Dublin-born governess, who may possibly be our Kate. She is described in the census return as a visitor in the household of Joseph and Henrietta Scott who lived at 9 Synott Place, Inns Quay, Dublin and who had three children aged 10 and under.

William's cousin Kate had a brother, John J. Lynch, an electrician who spent many years in West Africa, including 10 years working for the Ashanti Goldfields Corporation in what is now Ghana. He was also a 'Togoland Volunteer' during the Togoland Campaign of 1914. We also know, from a letter to a newspaper in 1916, that John and Kate returned to Dublin for a holiday in March or April of that year and were caught up in the 1916 Rising. This letter, from a newspaper cutting in a family scrapbook (publication name and exact date unknown), was written by William and states that John "was on leave to meet his sister, who had been in the war area of France for 18 months, and they were to spend a quiet holiday in their peaceful native town. Mr Lynch was prevented from 'phoning from the G.P.O. by a man who pointed a pistol at him. They spent their holiday watching the fighting in many parts of the city." We have other information about John from UK incoming ship passenger lists. A list from March 1916 - when he was on his way to Dublin to meet up with Kate - tells us that he travelled from Seccondee (now Sekondi), Gold Coast (now part of Ghana) to Plymouth and his age was 45, which means he was born about 1870. A list from 1917 (Sekondi to Liverpool) has an address written underneath his details: 5 Leinster Road, Rathmines, Dublin; and a 1920 list (again Sekondi to Liverpool) gives an address of 59 Edenvale Road, Ranelagh, Dublin. Furthermore, the 1901 census of England lists a 30-year-old Dublin-born apprentice electrical engineer named John Lynch who is boarding in Broadstairs, Kent. I think it likely that this is our John J. Lynch. I would love to establish how exactly John and Kate are related to William. If you can help, please email

There are still Butler-made instruments in existence, both privately-owned and in museums. The Kenneth G. Fiske Musical Instrument Museum in Claremont, California, for example, has a Butler keyed bugle made in Dublin c. 1835. The Edinburgh University Collection of Historic Musical Instruments has a Butler flute and cornet (dates of manufacture unknown), and the Horniman Museum in London has a Butler harp acquired pre-1900, bright green in colour with Irish images, including round towers and an Irish wolfhound, painted on the soundboard. And the National Museum of Ireland has a Butler bugle in its Easter Week collection. This bugle, manufactured c. 1915, has an interesting history in that it was awarded to the Irish Citizen Army in 1915 for taking first place in a drill competition; then, following the surrender of Irish forces (which included the Irish Citizen Army) in the 1916 Rising, it ended up in the hands of the British Provost Marshall who subsequently gave it to a Dr. Laurence Moran who in turn gave it to a brother of Fianna Fáil TD (Teachta Dála, meaning member of parliament), John McCann. John McCann's brother later presented it to Éamon de Valera, participant in the Rising and founder of Fianna Fáil, who would, in 1959, be elected President of Ireland. On 4 September 1948, Éamonn de Valera donated the bugle to the National Museum of Ireland.

Note: The Bachelor's Walk shop is mentioned in James Joyce's 'Ulysses':
"From Butler's monument house corner he [Leopold Bloom] glanced along Bachelor's walk." (p. 151 of the Penguin Edition of 1960).

Eleanor (Nellie) GILROY [Parents] was born on 6 May 1885 in Lurgan, Ballyjamesduff, Co. Cavan. She was christened on 10 May 1885 in Lurgan, Ballyjamesduff, Co. Cavan. She died on 16 Nov 1922 in "Lismeen", Howth, Dublin. She was buried in probably St. Fintan's Cemetery, Sutton, Dublin. Eleanor married William John BUTLER on 13 Aug 1906 in St. Andrew's Church, Westland Row, Dublin.

Nellie was from Lismeen in the parish of Lurgan, near Ballyjamesduff, Co. Cavan. She worked in the Butler musical instrument shop in Dublin and that was how she met her future husband, William, who ran the business from London. Her address at the time of the marriage was 3 Lower Sandwith St., Dublin, while John's was 27 Brook Green, London. Nellie and William lived on the Summit in Howth, Co. Dublin in a house they named "Lismeen".

Nellie died aged only 37 from "acute gastritis". Her daughter, Jennie, was only 15 years of age at the time and her son, George just five.

They had the following children.

  F i Jane (Jennie) BUTLER was born on 24 Jul 1907. She died on 5 Sep 2004.
  M ii George BUTLER was born on 29 Aug 1917. He died on 2 Nov 2014.

John GALVIN [Parents] was born about 1857 in possibly Mount Talbot, Tisrara, Co. Roscommon. He died on 14 Apr 1941 in Park Cottage, Co. Wexford. He was buried in St. Ibar's Cemetery, Crosstown, Co. Wexford. John married Winifred Mary BUTLER in 1901 in Fulham or Hammersmith, London.

The Galvin family had operated a nursery business in Co. Roscommon since the 1790s. The dictionary of British and Irish Botanists lists a William Galvin (1756-1832), a "nurseryman with Thomas Galvin, Mount Talbot, Co. Roscommon", presumably relatives of John above. From about 1890 John and his brother James ran the nursery in the grounds of Mount Talbot House (owned by the Talbot family) in Tisrara, Co. Roscommon. The brothers then set up a branch of the nursery in Mount Avon, Rathdrum, Co. Wicklow (where it is known John was living with his wife and children in 1916). By the early 1930s the business had expanded to Co. Wexford with a branch at Park Cottage, just outside Wexford town, which John ran with his son Seamus. The family lived in Park Cottage, a large property, which was eventually sold in 1976.

There is a 1901 census record for a John Galvin, a 43-year-old "nurseryman / county councillor" from Mount Talbot in Tisrara, Co. Roscommon. This is almost certainly our John above. The John Galvin from the census wasn't married at this time and the only other occupants of the household were a nursery foreman, a servant and two visitors, the visitors being a nephew named William Finerty [a son of John's sister Mary], aged 20, who was a clerk of petty sessions, and a cousin named William Byrne, aged 35, who was a veterinary surgeon.

John was living in Stoneybatter, Wexford at the time of the 1911 census while Winifred and the children were back in Mount Talbot. Presumably John was working in Wexford. His occupation is given on the census return as nurseryman and county councillor.

John died in his mid-eighties of "gastric carcinoma" (stomach cancer).

Winifred Mary BUTLER [Parents] was born about 1876 in Kensington, London. She died on 2 May 1919 in Park Cottage, Wexford. Winifred married John GALVIN in 1901 in Fulham or Hammersmith, London.

The name Winifred Butler is listed in the the 1891 census return for a boarding school on Twickenham Road in Isleworth, Middlesex. This may well be our Winifred because the Winifred from the census was aged 15 at the time which is the approximate age our Winifred would have been.

It is not known how Winifred met her Irish husband, John, who was about 20 years older than her but who outlived her by about 20 years. One possibility is that they met through an uncle of Winifred's, Fr. Robert Butler, who was a friend of Cardinal Manning, Archbishop of Westminster, whose confidential secretary was (according to a brief aticle aboout John in the Irish Examiner of 25 April 1936) an uncle of John's. Of course this is just speculation about how they might have met.

Winifred is listed in the 1911 census as living in Mount Talbot, Co. Roscommon with their three children, while John is listed in Wexford, where a branch of his nursery business was located. In 1916 the family was living in Rathdrum, Co. Wicklow, and at the time of her death in 1919 Winifred and John were living at Park Cottage (located between Ballyboggan and Park) just outside Wexford town.

Winifred's death record tells us that she died of "Cancer of Uterus 3 years, Cancerous Cachexia", cachexia meaning wasting. Winifred was just 43 years old when she died.

They had the following children.

  F i
Mary Winifred Johanna GALVIN was born on 24 Jun 1902 in Mount Talbot, Co. Roscommon. She died on 29 Mar 1930 in Fitzwilliam Nursing Home, Dublin.

Mary, a medical doctor, died at the age of just 17. According to a family source, she died of tuberculosis contracted while carrying out her medical duties. This ties in with an article about her father in the Irish Examiner of 25 April 1936 that tells us she "took her medical degree at Trinity [in Dublin] and, while practising in England, died of a disease contracted from a patient". However, her death record reveals she died of "septicaemia and meningitis", with no mention of tuberculosis. Her death record also tells us her address at the time was 98 North Main St., Wexford.
  M ii
Seamus Robert GALVIN was born on 29 Jul 1904 in Mount Talbot, Co. Roscommon. He died in Apr 1993 in Dublin.

According to a short article about Seamus's father in the Irish Examiner of 25 April 1936 [five years before Seamus's father died], "two of his sons" [although it appears he only had two, i.e. Seamus and John] who were doing Medicine left their University to go into their father's nurseries where they now assist him".

In 1949, while still involved in the family business, Seamus became a director of the Portmarnock Country Club in Co. Dublin where his brother, John, was also a director. It is not known where he was living at this point but at some stage he moved from Co. Roscommon to Park Cottage, Wexford where he and his father ran a branch of the family's tree nursery. In 1976, Park Cottage was sold and Seamus moved from Wexford to Dun Laoghaire, Co. Dublin where he lived for the rest of his life. He never married.
  M iii John Patrick GALVIN was born on 16 Dec 1906. He died on 19 Mar 1996.

John HANNIGAN was born about 1917. He died on 21 Oct 1999 in Dublin. He was buried in St. Fintan's Cemetery, Sutton, Co. Dublin. John married Jane (Jennie) BUTLER in possibly 1949 in Dublin.

John worked at the Hammond Lane Foundry in Dublin. Following his retirement he worked as manager of the Woodbrook Golf Club, and later the Bray Golf Club, both in Co. Wicklow. He and Jennie lived in Priory Grove in Stillorgan in Dublin. They had no children.

Jane (Jennie) BUTLER [Parents] was born on 24 Jul 1907 in Edenvale Lodge, Conyngham Road, Dublin. She died on 5 Sep 2004 in Blackrock, Co. Dublin. She was buried in St. Fintan's Cemetery, Sutton, Co. Dublin. Jane married John HANNIGAN in possibly 1949 in Dublin.

Other marriages:

Edenvale Lodge, where Jennie was born, was presumably a nursing home as the family's address at the time was 34 Bachelors Walk, Dublin.

In her early twenties Jennie became pregnant but because she was unmarried she went to London to avoid scandal, staying with relatives there until the baby - a boy - was born. Jennie returned to Dublin after the birth, leaving her son in the care of an elderly aunt (identity unknown). When Jennie's son was about six the aunt's health deteriorated and he spent the rest of his childhood in foster care. He later married and had two daughters. Some years later (possibly in 1949) Jennie married John Hannigan; they had no children.

Jennie inherited the family musical instrument business from her father as a cutting in a family scrapbook of a newspaper advertisement shows. Neither the name of the newspaper nor the exact date of the advertisement is known but it probably dates from the 1920s or 1930s. It reads:

(Successor to G. BUTLER & SONS)
Being the 5th generation in direct line trading in Dublin since the rebellion of 1798
Everything Musical from BUTLER'S
Is a "SOUND" investment for Bands or Home use
State Instruments, Spares or Repairs
Contractor by Appointment to the NATIONAL, BRITISH and BELGIAN ARMIES
Temporary Offices-
(Opposite Wynn's Hotel)

I had been told that the Butler musical instrument business closed due to financial difficulties in 1927, but the company was still advertising in national newspapers up to at least 7 September 1931. Furthermore, a newspaper clipping in the family scrapbook, dated 21 November 1933 (publication unknown), tells us that "The firm of Messrs. J. still being carried on at 2 Lr. Abbey St., although the head of the firm, Mr. W. J. Butler, died a few weeks ago". It could be that the company had ceased manufacturing in 1927 but continued as a shop. The business finally closed in 1941.

George BUTLER [Parents] was born on 29 Aug 1917 in Dublin. He died on 2 Nov 2014 in Dublin. He was buried in Deansgrange Cemetery, Dublin. George married Ann (Nancy) VALENTINE in Northern Ireland.

George was born in a nursing home on Holles St., Dublin in 1917. Note that this was not the large National Maternity Hospital on Holles St., which was nearby. George lived in Howth, Co. Dublin until he was about 10 years of age when the family moved to Lower Abbey St. in Dublin. George was educated at Belvedere College, Dublin, finishing his studies there in 1935.

George trained as a sound engineer. Around this time, or a little later, he was living on Churchill Terrace, Sandymount Avenue, Ballsbridge, Dublin. Then, during World War II, he left Dublin for Northen Ireland where he worked for about five years in army camps, 27 in all, installing Tannoy public address systems. When the war ended George's work dried up and he and his wife, Nancy, moved to Dublin where George joined the Siemens electrical company as a sales representative. He and Nancy had at least one child at the time of the move.

In Dublin George also found time to present a classical music programme called "Sounds Continental" on Irish radio, having successfully pitched the idea to Radio Eireann. The programme ran for several years. And in the 1960s George co-founded The Butler Society, a networking organisation for Butler family researchers worldwide.  

George, Nancy and their family lived in Monkstown, Co. Dublin.

Ann (Nancy) VALENTINE [Parents] was born in Irvinestown, Co. Fermanagh. She died on 27 Nov 2002 in Dublin. Ann married George BUTLER in Northern Ireland.

Nancy was a nurse. She had worked for a time in Bristol before returning to Northern Ireland where she met her future husband, George, at a dance.

They had the following children.

  M i Living.
  F ii Living.
  M iii Living.
  F iv Living.
  M v
Robert BUTLER was born in 1951 in Dublin. He died in 1951 in Dublin.

Robert, a twin, died shortly after birth.

Living [Parents].


They had the following children.

  i Living.
  ii Living.
  iii Living.


Living [Parents].

They had the following children.

  i Living.
  ii Living.
  iii Living.
  iv Living.
  v Living.

William HUSSEY [Parents] was born on 1 May 1797 in Castleisland, Co. Kerry. He died on 27 Nov 1870 in 9 Mayfield Place, Kensington, London. He was buried on 1 Dec 1870 in St. Mary's Cemetery, Kensal Green, London (grave no. 3282). William married Ellen FOLEY in probably 12 May 1828 in St. James, Westminster, London.

As a young man William moved from Kerry to London where he worked as a policeman. Although family lore has it that William was born in the Dingle area of Co. Kerry, we now know from his police discharge papers that he was born in Castleisland, Co. Kerry, about 40 miles from Dingle. The discharge papers also tell us that he joined the Metropolitan Police on 19 May 1831 (this was only three years after its formation), and left the force (Kensington division, also known as 'T' division) on 29 April 1852 "on account of infirmity of body"; we are also told that he was 5ft 9inches tall with brown hair, grey eyes and a fair complexion, and that he had "a bad leg". The papers also provide the names of his parents.

In the 1861 census William is listed as a "police pensioner" in the household of his daughter Mary Wright at 26 Newland St., St. Mary Abbots, Kensington. William's wife, Ellen, was still alive at this time but she is not listed in the census return. William died in 1870 at the home of his son Thomas. The cause of death was "paraplegia, 6 years; effusion (secondary), 7 days", "effusion" meaning an abnormal build-up of fluid. On his death certificate William's occupation is given as "assistant to a builder", presumably to his son Thomas who was a builder.   

Regarding William's police work, there was a court case at the Old Bailey in London in January 1832 in which a policeman named William Hussey appeared as a witness in a case involving a theft of a gown from a washing line in Kensington the previous month.  This William Hussey could well be our William. On trial was twenty-year-old Charles Affleck who was charged with stealing the gown, worth three shillings, belonging to Ann Hawkins. A transcript of the case follows:

Ann Hawkins: I am single, and live servant to Mr. Marks, in Gore-lane, Kensington. On the 13th of December about three o'clock, I hung a gown to dry in the garden at the back of the house; I missed it about six - this is it; the prisoner lives within two doors of us.

William Hussey: I am a Police-constable. I took the prisoner in Gore-lane on the 13th of December, between seven and eight o'clock; I saw he had something under his jacket - I asked him to let me see what it was, and he would not; we had a scuffle, and this gown fell in the road.

Charles Affleck: I went home at twenty-five minutes before eight o'clock; I went into the yard - I saw this gown between our premises and the master's premises; I took it up, went out with it, and was taken - I did not prevent the officer seeing it, but I said if he would go to a fit place, I would let him see it.

William Hussey: He said if I would go to his father's he would let me see what it was, but I told him he must go to the watch-house; he would neither do one thing nor the other, and I knocked him down.

Charles Affleck was found guilty and transported to Australia for seven years.

Ellen FOLEY was born about 1797 in Ireland. She died on 2 Sep 1867 in 1 Birds Cottages, Kensington, London. She was buried on 4 Sep 1867 in St. Mary's Cemetery, Kensal Green, London (grave no. 3282). Ellen married William HUSSEY in probably 12 May 1828 in St. James, Westminster, London.

We know from the 1851 census that Ellen was born in Ireland and that, unfortunately, is all we know of the Foley family although it does appear that other members of the Foley family may have been living in London around the time of Ellen's marriage in 1828 as witnesses to the marriage were [name illegible but one possibility is Michael] Foley and Mary(?) Foley. It is possible that Ellen and her husband, William Hussey, had more children than those listed below.

A Rev. James Foley who died in New Windsor, Berkshire 5 October 1881 may have been related to Ellen as his estate was left to Ellen's son Thomas. We say this because an item in The Globe newspaper of 10 November 1894 invited "next-of-kin or any others with an interest in the personal estate" of James, of "4 Augusta-place, New Windsor... formerly of Newland-terrace, Kensington", to present themselves at the Principal Probate Registry of the Court at Somerset House, London, otherwise "Letters of Administration of the Personal Estate of the said deceased" would be granted to "Thomas Hussey of 14 Church-street, Kensington, Bulder, as a Creditor". Although the reference to the word "Creditor" indicates that Thomas did not have a family connection to James, it is possible James was a relative of Thomas's. They were born around the same time so one possiblility it that they were first cousins. Whether there was a family connection or not, the granting of probate in James's case was clearly not straightforward, taking over 13 years to sort out, with Thomas being left James's estate, worth £297 15s 2d, in 1895.

In case James was in fact related to Thomas's mother, Ellen, here is further information we have found on James:

The 1881 census tells us that James, aged 55 and Irish-born, was living as a lodger at 1 Albert Terrace, Kings Road in New Windsor. There appears to be no sign of James in the 1871 census but the 1861 census appears to show James, aged 39 and Irish-born, living with two servants on Upper Holland St. in Kensington. According to British History Online, St. Mary's Chapel on Holland St. was the principal place of worship at the time for Kensington Catholics but its small size encouraged Rev. James Foley, the priest in charge of St. Mary's to look for a larger site. A more suitable plot was purchased in 1866 and construction of the church of Our Lady of Victories commenced. One part of the church was bounded by the rear of two shops on Newland Terrace, indicating that the James Foley, "formerly of Newland-terrace" who died in 1881 was very likely the Fr. James Foley who oversaw the development of Our Lady of Victories church. British History Online also mentions that the new church was built largely on credit and "As a result Father Foley was soon deep in mortgages", which could explain how Thomas became a creditor, and also the lengthy probate process. The only other information we may have on James comes from the 1851 census which has a 28-year-old Fr. James Foley living on Virginia St., London and serving at Virginia St. Chapel. Was this the James who was at Upper Holland St. 10 years later?

Information from David Boon, whose wife's Foley ancestors were builders in Earl's Court and Kensington in the early 19th century, is also worth noting:

One of David's wife's direct  ancestors was James George Foley (also spelled Folley and Folly) who was baptised at St Mary Abbotts, Kensington in 1812. His parents were John and Mary Folley. John was a builder and most of his sons and grandsons went into trades such as bricklaying or plumbing. Unfortunately, both John and Mary died in their forties in the 1830s and no further information is available on their background, although the family is believed to have come originally from Ireland. Although we have no proof whatsoever, it is a possibility that David's wife's family could be connected to our Foley family.

Getting back to Ellen and her husband, William, we know that they and their children were living at 29 New St. in Kensington at the time of the birth of their daughter Ellen in 1838. By 1851 they were living at 13 Campden St., St. Mary Abbots, Kensington. There seems to be no trace of Ellen in the 1861 census, although her husband, William, appears in the return for the household of their daughter Mary. Ellen died at 1 Birds Cottages, Kensington. According to her death certificate, she died of "infirmities of age" aged 70. The informant was a Jane Browning of 6 Dukes Lane, Kensington, who was present at the death.

Ellen is buried with nine members of her family in St. Mary's Cemetery, Kensal Green, London, all of whom lie in grave number 3282, located by a pathway and near a large tree in the SN section of the cemetery. In the same plot are her husband, William (died 1870), her son Thomas (died 1919) and Thomas's wife Agnes (died 1913), her daughter Mary Wright (died (1871), her granddaughter Agnes Hussey (died 1860), grandsons William, Alfred and Jack Hussey (died 1866, 1899 and 1922 respectively) and brother-in-law Rev. James Hussey (died 1896). Although not buried here, Ellen's grandson Harry Hussey, who was killed in action at Ypres in 1917, is remembered on the headstone.   

Note: The Foley surname comes from the Irish surname 'Ó Foghladha', from 'foghlaidh' meaning 'pirate' or 'marauder'. The name originated in Co. Waterford and from there spread to counties Cork and Kerry. The name is most common now in these three counties, although it is numerous generally throughout the southern half of the country. Given the strong presence of the Foley name in Co. Kerry and seeing that Ellen married a man from Kerry, could our Foley family have hailed from Kerry?

Marriage Notes:

Only one record of a marriage between a William Hussey and an Ellen Foley around this time was found in the Westminster Archives. This marriage took place on 12 May 1828 in the parish of St. James in Westminster (now St. James's, Piccadilly). The date fits in nicely in that William and Ellen's eldest child - or the child we believe to have been their eldest - was born in February 1829. However, St. James's in Westminster was an Anglican parish which does not tie in with the Catholic beliefs of our William and Ellen. If the St. James's record does indeed relate to our William and Ellen, their Anglican marriage can be explained by Lord Hardwicke’s Marriage Act of 1753 which, in an attempt to regularise English marriages, had made marriages outside the Anglican Church illegal (although Quakers and Jews were exempt). From 1753 until 1837, when Civil Registration was introduced, many Catholics complied with Hardwicke’s Marriage Act and married in Anglican churches to ensure that their marriage was valid under English law, although it was common practice for Catholic couples to also have a marriage ceremony in their local Catholic church. It was not until the introduction of Civil Registration in 1837 that all "non-conformist" churches could be licensed for marriages.

Assuming the above record relates to our William and Ellen, witnesses to their marriage were [name illegible but one possibility is Michael] Foley and Mary(?) Foley. Both Ellen and Mary(?) signed with an 'X'. Note that before Civil Registration was introduced, information on age, occupation, address or fathers' names did not appear on marriage records.

They had the following children.

  M i
James Joseph HUSSEY was born on 23 Feb 1829 in Westminster, London. He was christened in Mar 1829 in St. Mary's Church, Kensington and Chelsea, Westminster, London. He died on 22 Jan 1896 in 23 St. Mary Abbots Terrace, Kensington, London. He was buried on 27 Jan 1896 in St. Mary's Cemetery, Kensal Green, London (grave no. 3282).

James's baptismal sponsors were Garrett Lynch and [what looks like] Mary Costelly.

James attended St. Edmund's Roman Catholic College near Ware in Hertfordshire where he studied for the priesthood. His obituary from the "The Edmundian" (the publication of the Edmundian Association of St. Edmund's College) mentions the "musical powers" he displayed while at the school.

James was ordained on 31 July 1862 and, perhaps after a spell elsewhere, was appointed to the parish of Moorfields in London where he spent seven years as a curate, six of which were spent at the Church of the Holy Family at Saffron Hill (at the time of the 1871 census he was at Saffron Hill). While at Moorfields James ministered at Newgate prison, and accompanied several condemned men on their walk to the gallows, including the 'Flowery Land' mutineers (executed in 1864) and the Fenian Michael Barrett (executed in 1868), convicted for his part in the Clerkenwell bombing and the last person publicly hanged in England.

After Moorfields James served in the parish of Kingsland, also in London, where he spent more than 17 years until ill health forced him into semi-retirement. He was in Kingsland at the time of the 1891 census but was working in Herfordshire by 1895, presumably engaged in lighter duties than previously. He died at the home of his brother Thomas in 1896, the cause of death being "disease of the heart" and "albuminuria", albuminuria being a urinary condition.
  F ii Mary HUSSEY was born on 20 Oct 1831. She died on 20 May 1871.
  M iii Thomas HUSSEY was born on 28 Feb 1834. He died on 1 Jun 1919.
  F iv
Ellen HUSSEY was born on 6 Jul 1838 in 29 New St, Kensington, London. She was christened on 26 Jul 1838 in Our Lady of Victories, High St., Kensington. She died on 8 Apr 1855 in 13 Campden St., St. Mary Abbot, Kensington.

Ellen may have been a twin as underneath her date of birth on her birth record is the number 2 (followed by one or two words that are illegible). However there is nobody by the name of Hussey on the same page of the register (as transcribed on the FreeBMD website). Could it be that her twin was stillborn (stillbirths were not recorded at that time)?  

Ellen's baptismal sponsors were John Hogan and Catherine Callingham.

Ellen died at the age of 16 of tuberculosis.

Thomas Aloysius HUSSEY [Parents] was born on 8 Apr 1864 in probably 9 Mayfield Place, Kensington, London. He was christened on 9 May 1864 in Our Lady of Victories, High St., Kensington. He died on 30 Mar 1916 in London. Thomas married Mary Theresa BUTLER in 1886 in Kensington, London.

Thomas's baptismal sponsors were Joannus Lejeune and Eliza Clube.

Thomas, who was educated at St. Edmund's Roman Catholic College in Hertfordshire, followed in his father's footsteps and became a builder.

Thomas and his brother James were to marry two sisters, Mary and Jane Butler respectively. It is possible the two brothers met the two sisters through their families having possibly been neighbours at some point because at the time of the 1881 census, the Butlers were living at 32 St. Mary Abbots Terrace in Kensington (they later moved but it is not known when), and at the time of the 1891 and 1901 censuses, Thomas's parents were living at 23 St. Mary Abbots Terrace (having moved there sometime after 1884). Or perhaps the connection is through Mary and Jane's younger brother, William, who may have attended St. Edmund's at the same time as some of Thomas's brothers.

It is known that Thomas and his family were living in Albert Hall Mansions, Kensington, built by Thomas's father, from at least 1891 to 1901. It appears that by 1911 Thomas and Mary had separated as they are listed at different addresses in the census of that year, with Thomas appearing to be living alone at 150 Blyth Road, Fulham, London. It is thought that Thomas went to the United States to work at one point but no emigration records have been located to support this.

Thomas died in 1916, aged about 52, of sarcoma of the spine and post-operative shock at the National Hospital, Queen's Square, Holborn, London. His home address at the time was 110 Baron's Court Road, West Kensington (where his son Laurie was living in 1915).

Mary Theresa BUTLER [Parents] was born on 29 Mar 1865 in 2 Duncan Place, Vineyard, Richmond upon Thames, Surrey. She died in Mar 1953 in Wandsworth, London. Mary married Thomas Aloysius HUSSEY in 1886 in Kensington, London.

Mary was born in Richmond upon Thames, where her family lived briefly prior to moving to Kensington. Around the 1890s Mary's birthplace in Richmond, 2 Duncan Place, became 31 The Vineyard; and in 1994 one home was created from nos. 31 and 33 The Vineyard, forming an enlarged no. 31 (no. 33 no longer exists).       

At the time of the 1891 census, Mary and her husband, Thomas, were living at Albert Hall Mansions in Kensington which had been built by Thomas's father's company. They were still at Albert Hall Mansions at the time of the 1901 census (the surname appears as "Husey" on the 1901 return). Mary and Thomas later separated; by the the time of the 1911 census Mary appears to have been living at the home of her father at 59 Rowan Road, Hammersmith with her six surviving children, while Thomas is listed alone at 150 Blyth Road, West Kensington. At the time of the death of their son Ted in 1917, by which time Thomas had died, it appears Mary was living at 57 Gunterstone Road, West Kensington, London; and the 1939 Register tells us that Mary was living at the time at 32 Ferry Road, Barnes, London with her daughters Mamie and Kate.

It is worth noting that Mary was remembered with fondness by her grandchildren.

They had the following children.

  F i
Mary (Mamie) Agnes HUSSEY was born on 9 Apr 1888 in probably Albert Hall Mansions, Kensington, London. She died on 19 Dec 1953 in 8 Hazlewell Road, Putney, London.

Mamie was a social worker with London County Council and after the passing of the Education Act of 1918 worked mainly in the provision of medical services in schools. Although she lived in south west London, much of her work was carried out in the East End. Her occupation in the 1911 census is given as 'Health Visitor', and according to the 1939 Register Mamie was a Children's care organiser(?) L.C.C. [London County Council] Public Health Dept."

At the time of the 1911 census Mamie she was living with her mother and siblings at the home of her grandfather Thomas Hussey. By 1918 she had moved to 110 Barons Court Road, Kensington where she lived with her mother, brother Bob and sister Kate. Nine years later she was in 57 Gunterstone Road, Hammersmith with her mother, Kate and brother Laurie; and in 1939 she was living at 32 Ferry Road, Barnes with her mother and Kate. Towards the end of her life she lived with Laurie at 8 Hazlewell Road, Putney.
  M ii
Thomas (Tom) Leonard HUSSEY was born on 26 Nov 1889 in probably Albert Hall Mansions, Kensington, London. He died on 23 Mar 1909 in 59 Rowan Road, Hammersmith, London.

There is an entry for a Thomas L. Hussey, aged 11, born in Westminster, London, in the 1901 census return for the household of Tom's uncle, James Hussey, in Hammersmith.

Thomas died at the age of 19 of "Heart Disease, Aortic Regurgitation [leaking of aortic valve], Anasarca [accumulation of fluid beneath skin]".
  F iii
Kathleen (Kate) Mary HUSSEY was born on 29 Jan 1892 in probably Albert Hall Mansions, Kensington, London. She died in 1977 in Richmond upon Thames registration district, Surrey.

According to the 1911 census Kate, who was living with her mother and siblings in Hammersmith, was a saleswoman. In 1917 she enlisted in the British Red Cross as a member of the V.A.D. (Voluntary Aid Detachments), and after the war she trained to be a nurse, later working in Kings College Hospital, London. The 1939 Register tells us she was living at that time at 32 Ferry Road, Barnes with her mother and sister Mamie and that she was an assistant at a charity organisation. Kate also lived in Wimbledon at some point. She never married.
  M iv Robert (Bob) Edward HUSSEY was born on 3 Jan 1893. He died on 8 Oct 1947.
  M v
Edward (Ted) Wilfred HUSSEY was born in 1895 in probably Albert Hall Mansions, Kensington, London. He died on 16 Aug 1917 in Passchendaele, Belgium. He was buried in Tyne Cot Cemetery, Passchendaele, Belgium.

At the time of the 1911 census Ted was a 'boy clerk' in the Civil Service. He enlisted in the army in May or June of 1915, joining the Queens Westminsters Regiment. He had attained the rank of Lance Corporal when he was killed at thae age of 22 at Passchendaele, near Ieper (Ypres), Belgium in August 1917. He is buried in Tyne Cot Cemetery, Passchendaele (Plot XLVI, Row H, Grave 1). The cemetery, the largest Commonwealth war cemetery in the world in terms of burials, is situated 9km north east of Ieper (Ypres), near the village of Zonnebeek.

Ted's name is listed on a World War I memorial plaque on a wall of Brook Green Church in Hammersmith where he had been an alter-server.

Ursula Staszynski has put together a tribute to her Hussey and Bishop relatives (including Ted) who served in World War I. It contains biographical information, stories and photographs and can be viewed at
  M vi
Laurence (Laurie) Joseph HUSSEY was born in 1896 in probably Albert Hall Mansions, Kensington, London. He died in 1970 in London.

World War I military records (attestation, discharge and pension papers) were located for Laurie, who lived at 110 Baron's Court West in Kensington at the time of his enlistment in January 1915. The records tell us that Laurie was a fitter by trade and was 5 feet 11 inches tall with grey eyes and black hair. He was sent to France with the Royal Engineers regiment in April 1917. However, only two days after his arrival he "fainted on parade following heavy march with full pack up hills" near Rouen and it was discovered he had "advanced valvular disease of the heart". He returned to England for treatment but was deemed unable to return to military service and he was given a discharge from the army in March 1918. Laurie subsequently worked as a sales manager. He never married.

Electoral registers tell us that Laurie was living with his mother and sisters at 57 Gunterstone Road, Hammersmith in 1927 and 1929. In 1941 he lived at 31 Westleigh Avenue in Putney where his brother Bob had lived previously; by 1948 he was living at 8 Hazelwell Road in Putney and was still at that address in 1966.

A Laurence J. Hussey, born on 2 September 1896 is listed in the 1939 Register as a guest at The George Hotel, The Bridge, Walsall, Staffordshire. His occupation was "Traveller Engineers Stampings & Drop Forgings". As this Laurence appears to be the only single Laurence/Lawrence Hussey of a similar age to our Laurie in the entire Register I think it likely that this is our Laurie.
  F vii
Eileen Mary HUSSEY was born on 23 Dec 1903 in Hammersmith, London. She died on 7 Sep 1960 in Putney, London.

Eileen was a school teacher. From the 1939 Register we know she was teaching history at the time at the Royal School For Naval And Marine Officers' Daughters in Isleworth. She lived in Wimbledon and died in Putney Hospital aged 56.

William (Will) HUSSEY [Parents] was born on 5 Dec 1866 in 9 Mayfield Place, Kensington, London. He was christened on 30 Dec 1866 in Our Lady of Victories, High St., Kensington. He died on 27 Feb 1939 in Tilehurst, Reading, Berkshire. William married Catherine (Kitty) Frances Mary ROONEY in 1902 in London.

Will's baptismal sponsors were Joannus Lejeune and Maria Florence Berry.

Will attended St. Edmund's school for Roman Catholic boys outside Ware in Hertfordshire. He enjoyed cricket, and for many years after leaving school was an annual visitor to St. Edmund's as a member of the Zouave Cricket Club which was recruited largely from Old Edmundians.

Will became a builder, like his father. There is a nice story, with a link to Will's business, that people might find interesting:

For many years there was a manhole cover with Will's name on it at the front of Brook Green Catholic Church, the local parish church for generations of Husseys. Many, many years after Will had died, his grandniece, Sheila Hussey (1927-2003), who lived in Ireland but who had long had her eye on the manhole cover, asked the Westminster Diocese if she could have it. They said 'yes' (also saying that it was the strangest request they had ever received!) and shortly thereafter it was transported to Dublin and installed in Sheila's driveway on Cedarmount Road in Mount Merrion. It may now be long gone but it read:

                           William Hussey
                   Albert Hall Mansions SW

Albert Hall Mansions had been built by Will's father's building company and it appears that William lived there as London telephone directories from 1914 and 1922 list his address as 32 Albert Hall Mansions (and give an office number too at Albert Hall Mansions).

According to his obituary in 'The Edmundian' (the magazine published by his old school, St. Edmund's), Will lived in Tilehurst, Berkshire for the last 20 years of his life, and the 1924 telephone directory gives his address in that year as Park Farm, Tilehurst. However, his will gives his address at Mill Cottage, Calcot, Berkshire, close to Tilehurst and where it is known his wife, Kitty, was living after Will's death. In the last three years or so of his life, Will also appears to have lived part-time at 18A Marloes Road, Kensington, where his sisters Elizabeth and Kate also lived.

Note that The Edmundian obituary tells us that Will was survived by his wife and son, one brother [which would have been Edmund] and two sisters [which would have been Elizabeth and Kate].

Catherine (Kitty) Frances Mary ROONEY [Parents] was born on 25 Mar 1880 in Clapham, London. She died on 20 Mar 1960 in Reading, Berkshire. Catherine married William (Will) HUSSEY in 1902 in London.

Kitty's paternal grandfather was born in Co. Galway. Kitty lived for many years at Mill Cottage, Calcot in Berkshire. She died at the Berkshire Hospital in Reading.

They had the following children.

  M i
Valentine (Val) William HUSSEY was born on 2 Sep 1909 in South Kensington, London. He died on 14 Jul 1943 in Sicily. He was buried in Syracuse War Cemetery, Sicily.

Val, an only child, was named after his mother's twin brother, Valentine Gabriel Rooney, who died in 1906 aged only 28.

Val was educated at Stonyhurst, a Jesuit-run boarding school in Lancashire. He later worked as a stockbroker and was a member of the Royal Artillery unit of the Territorial Army. He lived in London and from the 1939 Register we know he was living at the time (apparently on his own) at 42 Chelsea Park Gardens in Chelsea. Val went on to serve as a captain in the Royal Artillery in World War II and, sadly, in July 1943, he died of wounds received during the Allied invasion of Sicily. He was 32 years old. His grave number in Syracuse War Cemetery in Sicily is VII. C. 11.

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